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The Gothic Architecture of South Mumbai : Symbol of Queen Era

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Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus, a UNESCO world heritage site

Mumbai- The financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India. The most populus city of India, one of the biggest cosmopilon and metropoliton hub, Mumbai can also be called the symbol of Gothic and victorian architcture since it clearly reflects the history of British rule in India through its amazing monuments and heritage buildings.

It is located in the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. It constitutes of seven Islands which were initially in control of  successive indenigous empires. Islands were home to communities of fishing empires. Then came Portuguese followed by British East India Company. In 1661 King Charles II married the Portuguese Catherine of Braganza, seven islands  then went to King as a part of his wife’s dwory. With the construction of roads and railways Bombay had emerged out to be the main sea port on Arabian sea. In 1947, upon Independence day the city had been incorporated as Bombay state.

The architecture of the city is a blend of Gothic Revival, Indo-Saracenic, Art Deco, and other contemporary styles. Most of the buildings during the British period, such as the Victoria Terminus and Bombay University, were built in Gothic Revival style. Their architectural features include a variety of European influences such as German gables, Dutch roofs, Swiss timbering, Romance arches, Tudor casements, and traditional Indian features. Read more on wikipedia.

To preserve the glorious past and to conserve the city’s heritage structures, The Mumbai Heritage Conservation Committee (MHCC) was established in 1995, Which formulates special regulations and by-laws. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus  In the south of Mumbai has been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site.

There are colonial-era buildings and Soviet-style offices. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. 

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